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Technological Change in Cities and Regions – An Evolutionary Analysis of Knowledge Spaces and Technology Trajectories

Technological Change in Cities and Regions – An Evolutionary Analysis of Knowledge Spaces and Technology Trajectories
1 Devonshire Place, Room 108N
Time: Oct 8th, 12:00 pm End: Oct 8th, 2:00 pm
Interest Categories: Urban, Science/Technology, Geography & Planning (FAS), Cities and Humanities, 2000-
Lecture by Dieter Kogler, University College, London

The Innovation Policy Lab at the Munk School of Global Affairs is pleased to present:

Dieter F. Kogler, University College London

Technological Change in Cities and Regions – An Evolutionary Analysis of Knowledge Spaces and Technology Trajectories

Significant attention has been directed to the processes of knowledge production in a spatial context, but little consideration has been given to the type of technological knowledge produced within specific places. The objectives of the present research project are to map the US/EU15 technology/knowledge space, to examine the evolution of that space over the time period 1981–2005, and to investigate the character of knowledge cores within US cities and European regions. The knowledge space is based on the proximity of technology classes, utilizing measures derived from co-classification information contained in patent documents.

First, a measure of technological cohesion within cities and regions is developed. Next, the temporal changes in that measure are decomposed into the effects of technological entry, exit and selection. In sum these indicators aid the identification of the principal drivers of technological change in different geographic contexts. Finally, technological entry and exit within regions are modeled as a function of social, spatial and cognitive proximity.

The theoretical framework is based on the idea that new technologies emerge from the recombination of existing competences and knowledge, and that the entry and exit of regional technological knowledge is conditioned by technological, spatial, and social proximity to existing knowledge cores. The results confirm that over time cities and regions tend to specialize in technology classes that are located close to one another in the technology space, but they also reveal considerable heterogeneity in measures of technological specialization across US metropolitan areas and European Regions.

Dieter F. Kogler is a lecturer in economic geography and director of graduate studies at the School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Policy, University College Dublin. His research focus is on the geography of innovation and evolutionary economic geography, with particular emphasis on knowledge production and diffusion, and processes related to technological change and innovation. He is involved in several multidisciplinary and multi-collaborative research projects, and has recently edited two special journal issues on the topics of global and regional dynamics in knowledge flows and innovation networks (European Planning Studies, 09/2013) and evolutionary economic geography (Regional Studies, forthcoming). His career path combines professional, education and research experience acquired in Europe, the United States, and Canada within a variety of areas pertaining to the spatial analysis of socio-economic phenomena.

This event is free and open to everyone, but registration is requested.  Please click HERE to register.

For further information, please contact the Innovation Policy Lab at (416) 946-8933.

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