Early Modern Migrations
Time: Apr 19th, 9:00 am End: Apr 21st, 5:00 pm
Interest Categories: Women & Gender Studies (FAS), Spanish & Portuguese (FAS), Slavic Studies (FAS), Religion, Study of (FAS), Political Science, Philosophy (UTSC), Philosophy (UTM), Philosophy (FAS), Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations (FAS), Music, Faculty of , Medieval Studies (FAS), Language Studies (UTM), Jewish Studies, Italian Studies (FAS), History (FAS), History & Philosophy of Science & Technology (FAS), Historical Studies (UTM), German (FAS), French (FAS), English and Drama (UTM), English (UTSC), English (FAS), Drama, Theatre, Performance Studies (FAS), Diaspora/Transnational, Critical Theory, Comparative Literature (FAS), Classics (FAS), Art (FAS), 1500-1800, 1200-1500
International and interdisciplinary conference to be held 19-21 April 2012
Early Modern Migrations: Exiles, Expulsion, & Religious Refugees, 1400–1700
An international and interdisciplinary conference Victoria College in the University of Toronto 19–21 April 2012
The early modern period witnessed a dramatic increase in the migration, expulsion and exile of social groups and individuals around the globe. The physical movements of religious refugees triggered widespread, ongoing migrations that shaped both the contours of European colonialist expansion and the construction of regional, national and religious identities. Human movements (both real and imagined) also animated material culture; the presence of bodies, buildings, texts, songs and relics shaped and reshaped the host societies into which immigrants entered. Following exiles and their diasporic communities across Europe and the world enables our exploration of a broad range of social, cultural, linguistic and artistic dynamics, and invites us to reconsider many of the conceptual frameworks by which we understand ‘Renaissance’ and ‘Reformation’.
This conference will offer a sustained, comparative and interdisciplinary exploration of the phenomenon and cultural representation of early modern migrations. The conference also aims to consider how the transmission and translation of material, textual and cultural practices create identity and cross-cultural identifications in contexts animated by the tension between location and dislocation. While often driven by exclusion and intolerance, the exile/refugee experience also encouraged emerging forms of toleration, multiculturalism and notions of cosmopolitanism. In a period in which mobility was a way of life for many, identifications rooted in location were often tenuously sustained even as they could be forcibly asserted in cultural representation.
Registration and program details are available on the conference website, here.
Free Concert: Musicians in Ordinary, 19 April at 7:00 pm in Alumni Hall, Old Victoria College
The Musicians In Ordinary will be performing as part of the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies spring conference Early Modern Migrations: Exiles, Expulsion and Religious Refugees 1400-1700 on Apr. 19th at 7PM at Alumni Hall, Old Victoria College, Victoria University in the University of Toronto. The public is welcome and admission is free. A Kingly Entertainment in a Forraine Climate Music for voice, violin band and lute by John Dowland, Thomas Simpson and members of Elizabeth I’s dance band.
This program presents music by and from the repertoire of musical exiles and migrants to England, and from it.
The string playing families, such as the Lupos and the Galliardellos, who turned up at Henry VIII’s court appear to have been Jews who were escaping resurgent persecution in Italy. The violin dance band that played the music in the Lumley Partbooks laid the foundations for English pre-eminence in such repertoire so that, by the beginning of the 17th century English string players such as William Brade and Thomas Simpson were exported back to the continent, leading string ensembles in North European courts.
Perhaps the most famous Englishman abroad was John Dowland, whose music can be found as far afield as the Ukraine. He blamed his inability to find work at home on his lukewarm Catholicism, though it is far more likely to have been a product his lack of dependability and Elizabethan frugality. After working for Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse and at Wolfenbüttel, he obtained a position at the Danish court. After taking many leaves of absence to see publications through the press at home, and no doubt to lobby for a position for a lute position at the English court, he was dismissed by Christian IV’s civil servants. The foundations for Elizabethan and Jacobean lute playing were laid by Philip van Wilder. This lutenist to Henry VIII was from the South Netherlands, though he is listed in court records as ‘Phyllyp of Wylde, Frensshman’. The lack of extant song from before Dowland’s First Book of Songs (1597) gives the impression that the lutesong genre sprang fully formed from Dowland’s head, but the few manuscript sources that survive include foreign partsongs arranged for lute such as Wilder’s Je file.
So we see that musical migrants at the beginning of the century were the bedrock on which the musical triumphs in the song, consort and lute solo music the reigns of Elizabeth and James I so admired by us today, as well as making English music and musicians valuable cultural export in the early 17th century.
Hallie Fishel, soprano, John Edwards, lute and theorbo and a violin band with Christopher Verrette, Edwin Huizinga, Eleanor Verrette and Laura Jones