Equitable Development in Latin America: New Trends, Challenges, and Responses
We have assembled an impressive group from our own faculty to speak about new trends, challenges and responses in economic and social policy in Latin America. While each one of our panelists will focus on the specific topic of their research, they all share a common concern for issues of development, and the need to devise innovative economic and social policies that address and combat persistent social inequalities in the region.
Prof. Albert Berry (Economics) will discuss the degree to which the commodity focus of recent growth in Latin America implies that some of these countries are candidates for the "Natural Resource Curse" whereby countries that are export resource dependent grow more slowly than expected and have bigger employment and income distribution problems.
In turn, Prof. Gustavo Indart (Economics) will argue for the need to rethink macroeconomic theory and policy from the point of view of employment creation in developing countries. Fiscal, monetary and exchange rate policies should not be used only as countercyclical instruments but rather as coherent parts of a well-thought industrial policy aiming at the creation of good employment. This, of course, requires a change of paradigms --- the abandonment of the ideologically defined concepts of "fiscally responsible governments" and "central banks' autonomy."
Prof. Ryan Isakson (International Development Studies, UTSC) will be presenting the results of two research projects that, combined, explore the impacts of market development in Mesoamerica upon regional food sovereignty and global food security. One project documents how economic restructuring and the promotion of non-traditional export crops have shaped land use practices and the conservation of crop genetic resources in Guatemala. The other investigates how the promotion of agro-ecologically certified produce, primarily for foreign consumers, has impacted the food sovereignty of smale-scale peasant farmers in Chiapas, Mexico.
Finally, Prof. Judith Teichman (Political Science, UTSC) will bring us up-to-date on the ways in which governments are responding to these economic challenges, old and new, through social policy innovations. She will comment on her work in progress which deals with poverty, inequality and welfare regimes in the global south, with particular reference to South Korea, Mexico and Chile.
The panelists will speak for about an hour (15 minutes each) after which we will open the floor for questions and comments from the public.
When: Tuesday April 3rd, 12:00 - 2:00 pm Where: Larkin Building (#200) - 15 Devonshire Place